By Gordon Martel
Valuable compilation of essays protecting the key occasions of the twentieth century. status out from this total striking physique of labor are the contributions at the undertones and motives of WW I (Martel's specialty) and 3 chapters on often-overlooked advancements resulting in WW II.
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Additional resources for A Companion to International History 1900–2001
36 By contrast western Europe had, in 1957, successfully created the European Economic Community (EEC), backed by a degree of stability on the basis of the division of Germany. The ﬁ rst move toward détente came from President Charles de Gaulle of France. He wanted to reduce the United States’ control over western Europe and to create favorable conditions for pan-European cooperation. NATO increasingly looked like an obstacle to his plans, and in 1966 France withdrew from NATO’s integrated command (although it remained a member of the alliance) and its headquarters were moved from Paris to Brussels.
The United States would be in charge of the western hemisphere, but had its ﬁ ngers in everyone else’s pie through the various international economic institutions being established. And the Grand Alliance – the Great Powers – would live on as the UN Security Council where they could continue to work things out, safe from unwanted inﬂuence from others thanks to the veto. But the Yalta agreements became a symbol in the United States and Britain of corrupt, even conspiratorial, power politics. Neither Churchill nor Roosevelt believed they could admit to their publics or their political opponents that they had consigned the Baltic states, Poland, and much of the South Balkans to the tender mercies of Soviet control.
Moreover, they also competed with each other in waging “peace” – an attempt to outdo each other by winning international support for their respective causes, as instanced by a series of so-called peace offensives launched by the post-Stalin Kremlin leadership in the mid1950s. With some notable exceptions, they also refrained from meddling in each other’s spheres of inﬂuence for fear that this might provoke the other side to embark on a general war – indeed, the Cuban missile crisis demonstrated the extreme danger of such meddling.
A Companion to International History 1900–2001 by Gordon Martel