A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt PDF

By Malyn Newitt

ISBN-10: 0203324048

ISBN-13: 9780203324042

ISBN-10: 0415239796

ISBN-13: 9780415239790

ISBN-10: 041523980X

ISBN-13: 9780415239806

A background of Portuguese abroad enlargement 1400-1668 provides an available survey of ways the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as far off as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the information and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a all over the world enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and traditional failures, and heading off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and thesaurus, A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of eu expansion

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For their longer voyages down the African coast and to the islands, the Portuguese developed the traditional Mediterranean caravel and incorporated one or more pieces of artillery which were used to overawe local populations or to defend the ship itself from attack. Small guns were even mounted on the longboats which were used to go ashore. Mounting artillery on ships overcame the problem, faced by armies operating on land, of moving heavy guns. The massive iron cannon of the fifteenth century could only be moved slowly and with difficulty, and were nearly useless in any military action except long drawn-out sieges.

Behind the language of chivalry and honour was the reality of what military activity meant in practice. War was expected to pay for itself and to provide the major pathway to a prosperous career. Lack of resources at the disposal of the Crown had always meant that contias and the army’s pay were met from the proceeds of confiscations, ransoms or plunder. Nobles for their part had to reward their followers, with the result that the search for plunder, ransoms and slaves became so important that it often determined the whole thrust of a campaign.

At first Portuguese attacks were not very sophisticated, with ships landing troops who then fought ashore in the conventional manner, but by the middle of the century Portuguese ships were not only carrying artillery but were using it to support landings and to attack targets on shore. For their longer voyages down the African coast and to the islands, the Portuguese developed the traditional Mediterranean caravel and incorporated one or more pieces of artillery which were used to overawe local populations or to defend the ship itself from attack.

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A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt


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