By Bruno Palier
A protracted see you later to Bismarck? is the 1st learn to supply an exhaustive comparative account of all welfare reforms in continental Europe in past times 3 a long time, protecting Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, and Switzerland.
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The bestselling writer of the following a hundred Years sharpens his concentration to the following ten years, particularly the political shifts that might happen, the selections that would be made, the results of these judgements, and the way the yank president will recognize and deal with the truth that the U.S. has develop into an empire.
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Whereas Friedman's final e-book, the following a hundred Years, interested in "the impersonal forces that form historical past within the lengthy run," now the geopolitical intelligence specialist examines the effect of present selection making, particularly of the us executive, at the international. Friedman means that difficulties presently affecting us considerably won't really count in the end. He compares the location of the USA this present day to that of england in 1910, and argues that the U. S. is an "unintended empire" and that its president is a "global emperor," partly as a result of measurement of the country's economic system. all through, Friedman argues for an finish to the reluctance, as he sees it, to entangle the rustic in international affairs. He examines the earlier suggestions of Presidents Bush and Clinton and stresses what President Obama and his successor needs to do approximately terrorism and know-how to foster relatives with the center East, Europe, the Western Pacific, Latin the United States, Africa, Israel, Iran, and Russia. by way of Bush and Obama he doesn't play favorites, criticizing their regulations and evaluating them with presidents who possessed extra Machiavellian attributes, in his view. whereas his rules are well-researched and compelling, Friedman makes the occasional bounce that informal readers may well locate confusing.
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Additional info for A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?: The Politics of Welfare Reform in Continental Europe (Amsterdam University Press - Changing Welfare States Series)
Thus, not much attention had to be paid to the social security of predominantly female workers in atypical or marginal employment, who provided merely a temporary or supplementary income. In this way, the female homemaker family was constituted as the opposite side of the coin, which largely rendered unnecessary state provisions for child and elderly care and thus impeded the continuous integration of women in the labor market. Instead, cash transfers (child and housing allowances, tax advantages) met the income needs of family households during certain phases of the life course.
Similarly, we will see that in Continental Europe, governments ﬁrst turned to available social insurance instruments when faced with the social consequences of the economic crisis. However, in something which is little-by-little perceived as a new context, these old recipes start to produce unintended effects or ‘anomalies’. Advised by different kinds of experts (among them, at times, comparative social policy analysts) governments gradually acquire the conviction that they need to abandon traditional ways of doing things, which are now perceived to be wrong.
It was he who was supposed to provide support for the entire family; it was by virtue of his salary that social benefits were acquired. Indeed, steps were often taken to discourage women from working. This dependence by families on the income and social privileges of male family heads resulted in greater importance being given to job security and to guarantees of employment status (the seniority principle, regulation of hiring practices and employment termination) than to the development of employment for all (Esping-Andersen 1996).
A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?: The Politics of Welfare Reform in Continental Europe (Amsterdam University Press - Changing Welfare States Series) by Bruno Palier