By Margaret E. Grosh
This booklet contains case experiences of 30 social courses from eleven Latin American nations and gives worthwhile classes approximately concentrating on a number social courses. those providers contain the supply of faculty lunches, nutrients stamps, day care, scholar relief, funds funds, unemployment tips, housing mortgages, and meals commodities and subsidies. details is supplied at the management expenditures, necessities, and techniques for concentrating on social providers. Case by means of case, the e-book exhibits how the various courses controlled to stability carrier advancements opposed to the cost of concentrating on to lead them to most economical. It additionally describes the commonest focusing on equipment and identifies which programmes used them and why.
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Extra info for Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94
To have tried to cover the omitted issues here would have detracted from the purpose of this work and would have necessitated reducing the number of case studies we covered to the few for which full evaluations are available. This study assumes that all the programs were aimed generally at the poor and that targeting a food supplement program is much the same as targeting a cash transfer program or an education program. All of these interventions have an element of income transfer that should be directed to the poor.
Many programs, however, benefit households. The provision of water or housing subsidies are examples. In those cases, using household quintiles may be appropriate, although analysts debate the point heavily. All agree, however, that it is essential to interpret appropriately whichever quintiles are used. Otherwise, it is easy to draw mistaken conclusions, especially in comparing reports that use quintiles that are calculated differently. Welfare measure. There are also different options for which welfare measure to use to rank households or individuals.
If participation rates among the poor-are low, then even if the incidence of a program is excellent, it may not be very effective in combatting poverty because it does not reach very many of the poor. Just as incidence gave us insight into leakage (errors of inclusion), participation rates give us insight into undercoverage (errors of exclusion). 2 shows a typical representation of participation rates. It can be interpreted as follows. Of all those in the poorest quintile, 94 percent receive benefits from Program C.
Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94 by Margaret E. Grosh