By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This ebook tells the tale of ways Shari'ati constructed a language of political Islam, talking in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Additional resources for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
The Pahlavi regime, which ruled Iran for almost half of the twentieth century, stretched these principles to their limits before the regime collapsing. The Statist Discourse of Modernity: The Daulat in Search of a Mellat By laying the foundations of popular sovereignty in Iranian politics, the Mashruteh Revolution also settled another major debate that had taken place during Qajar rule. ”18 After the constitutionalist triumph, the decisive debates in the country were not concerned with whether there should be any nizam-e jadid, rather what would be the form of the modernization that the state should pursue.
The chapter indicates how varying usages of Islamic idioms mounted a challenge against the institutional, intellectual, and politico-social foundations of Pahlavi Iran, reclaiming the only discursive space in modern Iran that the state had not tried to occupy—religion. The chapter means to establish political Islam not as a political agenda driven by traditionalist religious considerations, rather by essentially modern political, economic, and societal considerations The third chapter introduces ‘Ali Shari’ati as the only major protagonist of political Islam to challenge the normative foundations of modern political orders in general and the Pahlavi order in particular.
Rise in oil revenues subsequent to the renegotiation of the D’Arcy contract for oil exploration in 1933 reduced the Shah’s dependence on the civilian population, and therefore the Majlis, even further. As the Shah reduced the Majlis to a virtual rubber stamp, muzzled the press and the judiciary, the modernist mashruteh-khwahis became further alienated. Yet, they failed to criticize the regime, partly because of repression and partly because they valued modernization of the nation almost as much as democratization of the polity.
‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran by By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee