By Susan L. Cutter
Barrier islands. Flood plains. Earthquake faults. occasionally the surroundings poses threats to our health, but many folks proceed to decide on to stay in dicy or risky areas. And on best of the knowns-rdquo; are the opposite, extra hidden dangers regarding environmental infection that pose both severe threats to our healthiness and good being.But the place are those areas and what varieties of dangers are came upon there? American Hazardscapes examines the hazards linked to residing and possessing estate in different areas around the usa, providing twin views: that of the geographer and that of the social technological know-how dangers researcher. The publication summarizes what we already find out about local styles of risk occasions and losses throughout the prior 3 a long time and is going extra to make clear the character of the occasions themselves and their impression on society.Written for the moving citizen and the coverage maker alike, American Hazardscapes offers a neighborhood ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It additionally bargains techniques on what neighborhood, nation, and federal managers have to do to fulfill the problem of decreasing probability losses within the subsequent century.
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Extra resources for American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (2001)(en)(226s)
There are many different types of maps, but the most common are classified as thematic maps because they concentrate on the spatial variability of one phenomenon, such as rainfall or tornado touchdowns. There are a number of specific cartographic representations that provide us with additional information about the phenomena we are mapping (Figure 3-2). Choropleth maps (the most commonly used in hazards research) show the relative magnitude of the variable using different shadings or colors. In this way, a reader can easily determine those areas that have more rainfall (or tornadoes) by simply looking at the darkly shaded areas on the map (see Chapter 6).
1995) on Humboldt and Del Norte, California. Mapping the risk information (tsunami waves, ground failure, fault rupture, liquefaction, and landslides) and societal impacts (buildings, infrastructure, lifelines) allowed for the delineation of vulnerable areas within the counties. The 28 American Hazardscapes work by the USGS on Hurricane Mitch and its devastating impact in Central America is another example (USGS 1999). Lastly, the work of Cutter and colleagues (Mitchell et al. 1997, Cutter et al.
While still in its developmental stage, the Pilot Environmental Sustainability Index shows much promise in differentiating countries that are achieving environmental sustainability or are ranked in the top quintile (New Zealand or Canada) from those that rank in the lowest quintile (Mexico, India) (World Economic Forum 2000). CONCLUSION This chapter examined the range and diversity of current methods used to assess environmental risks and hazards and societal vulnerability to them. Some approaches are hazard specific whereas others incorporate multiple hazards.
American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (2001)(en)(226s) by Susan L. Cutter