By Dr Maartje Abbenhuis
An Age of Neutrals presents a pioneering background of neutrality in Europe and the broader international among the Congress of Vienna and the outbreak of the 1st global battle. The 'long' 19th century (1815-1914) used to be an period of exceptional industrialization, imperialism and globalization; one that witnessed Europe's fiscal and political hegemony internationally. Dr Maartje Abbenhuis explores the ways that neutrality bolstered those interconnected advancements. She argues passive perception of neutrality has up to now avoided historians from realizing the excessive regard with which neutrality, as a device of international relations and statecraft and as a well-liked perfect with a variety of purposes, used to be held. This compelling new background exposes neutrality as a colourful and crucial a part of the nineteenth-century overseas procedure; a robust device utilized by nice and small powers to unravel disputes, stabilize diplomacy and advertise numerous pursuits inside of and out of doors the continent.
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Extra resources for An Age of Neutrals: Great Power Politics, 1815-1914
For a discussion of its reception: Burk, Old world, pp. 214–15. 32 An Age of Neutrals French and judged in a French prize court. In retaliation, Britain tightened its blockade of Napoleonic Europe by requiring that all ships with a European destination visit a British port first. 43 The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic eras illustrated that neutrality was a highly contested concept with no firm legal basis for its usage. Countries that adopted it, among which the United States is the most historically renowned, did so by promoting their understanding of neutrality and looking to precedents set by other neutrals.
Hobson, T. Kristiansen, eds, Navies in northern waters 1721–2000. Portland, OR , Frank Cass, 2004, p. 60. Welling, The prize, pp. 24–5. G. Best, Humanity in warfare. The modern history of the international law of armed conflict. London, Methuen, 1983, p. 72. 28 An Age of Neutrals response to the Dutch action and as a signal to all the world, the British crown initiated a new ruling, the Rule of 1756, which held that neutrals could only trade freely in terms of their normal peacetime commerce and could not take over shipping routes or access ports that were closed to them before the war broke out.
Constraints on warfare in the western world. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1994, pp. 98–115; C. Jacob, Maritime neutrality to 1780. A history of the main principles governing neutrality and belligerency to 1780. Boston, Little Brown, 1936. For examples: R. Pares, Colonial blockade and neutral rights 1739–1763. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1938. Verzijl, International law, p. 13; Craig, War, pp. 143–4. A. S. Hershey, ‘History of international law since the Peace of Westphalia’, American Journal of International Law 6, 1, January 1912, p.
An Age of Neutrals: Great Power Politics, 1815-1914 by Dr Maartje Abbenhuis