By Knight J
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Extra resources for Ancient Civilizations RL. Almanac
Pyramid of Kukulkan. Corbis. Reproduced by permission. D. 500 and 1500, European civilization was at a low point, but in the Americas, those centuries saw the triumph of pre-Columbian civilization. D. 250 and 1000. D. 300 to 750. The same period saw the rise of civilizations such as the Huari (HWAH-ree) and, after 1200, the Chimu (CHEE-moo) in the Andes. Meanwhile, on the heels of the peaceful Maya came the militaristic Toltecs, also a great civilization, though not as great as the Aztec, who rose to The Americas 277 Elsewhere in the Americas Though the Olmec of Mesoamerica and the Chavín culture of the Andes were by far the most notable groups in ancient America, they were far from the only ones.
Each fit into the period designated as Formative (FOHR-muh-tiv), or Preclassic, by archaeologists. C. D. 300. The Formative Period included not only the Olmec, Chavín, and their surrounding cultures but the earliest stages of what would become the greatest civilization of preColumbian America: the Maya. D. 300 to 900, continuing long after “ancient” times. D. 900–1540), dominated by the Aztec in Mesoamerica and the Inca in the Andes. These great cultures of later periods, however, would not have been possible without the Olmec and Chavín who preceded them.
C, when the Yamato (yah-MAH-toh) clan established its rule. D. 500, however, when the Japanese adopted the art of writing from the Chinese. Buddhism arrived half a century later, but many of the Japanese held on to their old religion, Shinto (SHINtoh), a belief system based on the idea that there are divine forces in all living things. Even today, Shinto is at least as prominent in Japanese life as Buddhism is. Southeast Asia experienced the influence both of China to the north and India to the west.
Ancient Civilizations RL. Almanac by Knight J